Frontiers | Books in Plant BreedingTo respond to the increasing need to feed the world's population as well as an ever greater demand for a balanced and healthy diet there is a continuing need to produce improved new cultivars or varieties of plants, particularly crop plants. The strategies used to produce these are increasingly based on our knowledge of relevant science, particularly genetics, but involves a multidisciplinary understanding that optimizes the approaches taken. Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding, 2 nd Edition introduces both classical and molecular tools for plant breeding. Topics such as biotechnology in plant breeding, intellectual property, risks, emerging concepts decentralized breeding, organic breeding , and more are addressed in the new, updated edition of this text. Industry highlight boxes are included throughout the text to contextualize the information given through the professional experiences of plant breeders. The final chapters provide a useful reference on breeding the largest and most common crops.
Quantitative genetics, genomics and plant breeding. MS Kang, editor. Throughout the volume, mathematical formulae have been restricted to only those strictly necessary. Another chapter illustrates how to link biophysical and genetic models to better integrate physiology, molecular biology and plant breeding. The contribution to plant breeding practices of simulation studies based on modelling is also analysed. Owing to its highly interdisciplinary nature, this volume is a must for the bookshelves of plant breeders, plant geneticists, crop physiologists, agronomists and, more generally, for all those researchers sharing an interest in understanding the basis of quantitative trait variation and how to best exploit it for improving agriculture profitability and sustainability. The concise style of all chapters makes this volume a valuable and handy reference source, particularly for graduate and postgraduate students approaching quantitative genetics and interested in the application of molecular techniques to plant breeding.
names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered Plant breeding. 2. Plant genetics. I. Title. SBA '2 —dc
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Definition , aim, objectives and scope of plant breeding. History and development of plant breeding — scientific contributions of eminent scientists — landmarks in plant breeding. Modes of reproduction — asexual reproduction vegetative reproduction and apomixis and sexual reproduction — their classification and significance in plant breeding. Modes of pollination — classification of crop species on the basis of mode of pollination — selfpollination — mechanisms promoting self-pollination — genetic consequences of self-pollination — cross-pollination — mechanisms promoting cross-pollination — genetic consequences of crosspollination — — often cross-pollinated crops Plant Breeding Pdf. Method of plant breeding — classification of plant breeding methods — methods of breeding for self-pollinated, cross-pollinated and asexually propagated species — brief account of breeding methods.
Plant breeding is the science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. Genes in a plant are what determine what type of qualitative or quantitative traits it will have. Plant breeders strive to create a specific outcome of plants and potentially new plant varieties. Plant breeding has been practiced for thousands of years, since near the beginning of human civilization. It is practiced worldwide by individuals such as gardeners and farmers, and by professional plant breeders employed by organizations such as government institutions, universities, crop-specific industry associations or research centers. International development agencies believe that breeding new crops is important for ensuring food security by developing new varieties that are higher yielding, disease resistant, drought tolerant or regionally adapted to different environments and growing conditions. Plant breeding started with sedentary agriculture and particularly the domestication of the first agricultural plants, a practice which is estimated to date back 9, to 11, years.