Booker T. Washington,Booker T. Washington, African American educator and leader, founded Tuskegee Institute for black students. His "Atlanta Compromise" speech made him America's major black leader for twenty years. His mother was the plantation's cook, while his father, a local white man, took no responsibility for him. From a very early age, Washington recalled an intense desire to learn to read and write. Washington's mother married another slave, who escaped to West Virginia during the Civil War —65; a war in which Northern forces fought against those of the South over, among other things, secession, or the South's desire to leave the Union. She and her three children were liberated freed by a Union army in and, after the war, joined her husband in West Virginia.
Born a slave on a Virginia farm, Washington rose to become one of the most influential African-American intellectuals of the late 19th century. In , he founded the Tuskegee Institute, a black school in Alabama devoted to training teachers. Although Washington clashed with other black leaders such as W. Du Bois and drew ire for his seeming acceptance of segregation, he is recognized for his educational advancements and attempts to promote economic self-reliance among African Americans. Across the landscape of the most anguished era of American race relations strode the self-assured and influential Booker T. The foremost black educator, power broker, and institution builder of his time, Washington in founded Tuskegee Institute, a black school in Alabama devoted to industrial and moral education and to the training of public school teachers. From his southern small-town base, he created a national political network of schools, newspapers, and the National Negro Business League founded in
Anyone who has even a cursory understanding of black history would know how great an honor it would be to meet a living descendant of one of the most dominant African American figures and educators. The last-born of Washington's great-grandchildren grew up in near poverty in a single-parent household in Oakland, CA. Although once a highly controversial figure, he was the most influential black leader of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. That is where his zeal for education began. He was freed at age 9 and soon after, while still a teen, h e worked his way through Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute now Hampton University and later attended college at Wayland Seminary in Washington, D. Washington became an advisor to several U.
Booker T. Washington April 5, —November 14, was a prominent black educator, author, and leader of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Born into slavery , Washington rose to a position of power and influence, founding the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in and overseeing its growth into a well-respected black university. Washington was a controversial figure in his time and since, criticized for being too "accommodating" on the issues of segregation and equal rights. Washington was born in April on a small farm in Hale's Ford, Virginia.
Booker T. Washington
Booker T & the M G 's - Green Onions (Original / HQ audio)
Booker Taliaferro Washington April 5,  — November 14, was an American educator, author, orator, and advisor to presidents of the United States. Between and , Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American community. Washington was from the last generation of black American leaders born into slavery and became the leading voice of the former slaves and their descendants. They were newly oppressed in the South by disenfranchisement and the Jim Crow discriminatory laws enacted in the post- Reconstruction Southern states in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Washington was a key proponent of African-American businesses and one of the founders of the National Negro Business League. His base was the Tuskegee Institute , a historically black college in Tuskegee, Alabama. As lynchings in the South reached a peak in , Washington gave a speech, known as the " Atlanta compromise ", which brought him national fame.