Catholic and Protestant Bibles: What is the Difference?So why does the Catholic Bible have 73 books, while the Protestant Bible has only 66 books? In about AD, St. Athanasius came up with a list of 73 books for the Bible that he believed to be divinely inspired. The Council of Trent, in , reaffirmed St. So what happened? How come the King James Bible has only 66 books?
Why are Protestant and Catholic Bibles different?
Outline of Bible-related topics. The deuterocanonical books from the Greek meaning "belonging to the second canon " are books and passages considered by the Catholic Church , the Eastern Orthodox Church and Assyrian Church of the East to be canonical books of the Old Testament but which are considered non-canonical by Protestant denominations. They are books thought to have been written some time between BC and AD. While one school of research holds that the Hebrew canon was established well before the first century AD, even as early as the fourth century BC,  , or by the Hasmonean dynasty —40 BCE ,  , others argue that with the rise of Rabbinic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple Period BCE and 70 CE , the Hebrew Canon was in flux, [ citation needed ] until the Masoretic Text , compiled between the 7th and 10th centuries, became the authoritative text of the mainstream Rabbinic Judaism. The Masoretic Text did not include the seven deuterocanonical books and formed the basis for their exclusion in the Protestant Old Testament. The term distinguished these texts both from those that were termed protocanonical books , which were the books of the Hebrew canon; and from the apocryphal books , which were those books of Jewish origin that were known sometimes to have been read in church as scripture but which were considered not to be canonical.
But Protestants didn't just take out books; they used a different standard of what should be in the Bible.
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Catholic Bible vs. Protestant Bible - The Bible
Such Bibles comprise 39 books of the Old Testament according to the Jewish Hebrew Bible canon , known especially to non-Protestants as the protocanonical books and 27 books of the New Testament for a total of 66 books. Some Protestants use Bibles which also include 14 additional books in a section known as the Apocrypha though these are not considered canonical bringing the total to 80 books. It was in Luther's Bible of that the Apocrypha was first published as a separate intertestamental section. While from the Reformation, Protestants Confessions have usually excluded the books which other Christian traditions consider to be Deuterocanonical from the canon the canon of the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox Churches differs among themselves as well , most early Protestant Bibles published the Biblical Apocrypha along with the Old Testament and New Testament. The German Luther Bible of did include the Apocrypha within its boards.
Is our Old Testament the same as a Jewish Bible? If not, why? In addition, the Greek Orthodox, or Eastern Orthodox, Church accepts a few more books as canonized scripture. To give you a quick overview of a complicated subject, here's what happened: Several hundred years before the birth of Christ, Babylonian conquerors forced the Jews to leave Jerusalem. Away from their Temple and, often, from their priests, the exiled people forgot how to read, write, and speak Hebrew. After a while, Jewish scholars wanted to make the Bible accessible again, so they translated Hebrew scriptures into the Greek language commonly spoken. Books of wisdom and histories about the period were added, too, eventually becoming so well known that Jesus and the earliest Christian writers were familiar with them.