Download Book Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and Its Metaphors PDF Free - video dailymotionIt is not uncommon for people to write about their experience of experience. After the US writer Susan Sontag underwent chemotherapy for breast cancer, however, she took a different approach. In a sense she still writes from her experience in focusing on descriptions of cancer with some comparisons with tuberculosis, the disease that killed her father , though drawing examples mainly from Western literature. The result is an important and influential essay that exposes some common and detrimental myths about illness. Sontag cites example after example from novels, essays, poems, and medical writings to show how cancer has traditionally been associated with repression and defeat. It is seen as a shameful disease and always as inevitably fatal, even in the late 20th century, by which time treatments had improved.
Susan Sontag: Illness as Metaphor
File:Susan Sontag AIDS and Its Metaphors 1989.pdf
In this companion book to her Illness as Metaphor , Sontag extends her arguments about the metaphors attributed to cancer to the AIDS crisis. Sontag explores how attitudes to disease are formed in society, and attempts to deconstruct them. She finds that, a decade later, cancer is no longer swathed in secrecy and shame, but has been replaced by AIDS as the disease most demonized by society. She finds that the metaphors that we associate with disease contribute not only to stigmatizing the disease, but also stigmatizing those who are ill. She believes that the distractions of metaphors and myths ultimately cause more fatalities from this disease.
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It is largely as a result of her work that the how-to health books avoid the blame-ridden term 'cancer personality' and speak more soothingly of 'disease-producing lifestyles'. Taken together, the two essays are an exemplary demonstration of the power of the intellect in the face of the lethal metaphors of fear. Susan Sontag was born in Manhattan in and studied at the universities of Chicago, Harvard and Oxford. She is also the author of four novels, a collection of stories and several plays. Her books are translated into thirty-two languages. She died in December Du kanske gillar.
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To acknowledge which I prefaced the polemic against metaphors of illness I wrote ten years ago with a brief, hectic flourish of metaphor, in mock exorcism of the seductiveness of metaphorical thinking. Of course, one cannot think without metaphors. But that does not mean there aren't some metaphors we might well abstain from or try to retire. As, of course, all thinking is interpreta- tion. But that does not mean it isn't sometimes correct to be "against" interpretation. Take, for instance7 a tenacious metaphor that has liberal state that Virchow found useful in advancing shaped and obscured the understanding of so much his theory of the cell as the fundamental unit of life.