Constitutional democracy and government in india pdf

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constitutional democracy and government in india pdf

Constitutional Government & Democracy in India - Course

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Constitutional Government & Democracy

Constitutional government is defined by the existence of a constitution—which may be a legal instrument or merely a set of fixed norms or principles generally accepted as the fundamental law of the polity—that effectively controls the exercise of political power. The essence of constitutionalism is the control of power by its distribution among several state organs or offices in such a way that they are each subjected to reciprocal controls and forced to cooperate in formulating the will of the state. Although constitutional government in this sense flourished in England and in some other historical systems for a considerable period, it is only recently that it has been associated with forms of mass participation in politics.

Constitutional Government & Democracy in India

The politics of India works within the framework of the country's constitution. India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. India follows the dual polity system, i. The constitution defines the organisational powers and limitations of both central and state governments, and it is well recognised, rigid and considered supreme; i. There is a provision for a bicameral legislature consisting of an upper house , the Rajya Sabha Council of States , which represents the states of the Indian federation, and a lower house , the Lok Sabha House of the People , which represents the people of India as a whole. The Indian constitution provides for an independent judiciary , which is headed by the Supreme Court. The court's mandate is to protect the constitution, to settle disputes between the central government and the states, to settle inter-state disputes, to nullify any central or state laws that go against the constitution and to protect the fundamental rights of citizens, issuing writs for their enforcement in cases of violation.

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