Connecting Life Span Development with the Sociology of the Life Course: A New DirectionPastoral Psychology. The writings of the late Erik H. Erikson 1 have contributed directly to the psychological study of religion, 2 were amenable to the efforts of others to develop normative theological arguments, and 3 might be seen as themselves examples of contemporary, nontheological accounts of the religious dimension of human existence. I will then argue that Erikson's writings — when viewed in the vein of William James's radical empiricism and functionalist accounts of human religiosity — identify an irreducibly religious dimension to normative human functioning. Erikson's functionalism constitutes a form of nontheological religious thinking that speaks directly to concerns presenting themselves in contemporary culture.
Erikson's stages of psychosocial development , as articulated in the second half of the 20th century by Erik Erikson in collaboration with Joan Erikson ,  is a comprehensive psychoanalytic theory that identifies a series of eight stages that a healthy developing individual should pass through from infancy to late adulthood. Erikson's stage theory characterizes an individual advancing through the eight life stages as a function of negotiating their biological and sociocultural forces. Each stage is characterized by a psychosocial crisis of these two conflicting forces. If an individual does indeed successfully reconcile these forces favoring the first mentioned attribute in the crisis , they emerge from the stage with the corresponding virtue. For example, if an infant enters into the toddler stage autonomy vs. However, mastery of a stage is not required to advance to the next stage. The outcome of one stage is not permanent and can be modified by later experiences.
Erik Erikson is best-known for his famous theory of psychosocial development and the concept of the identity crisis. His theories marked an important shift in thinking on personality; instead of focusing simply on early childhood events, his psychosocial theory looks at how social influences contribute to our personalities throughout our entire lifespans. If life is to be sustained hope must remain, even where confidence is wounded, trust impaired. Erikson's stage theory of psychosocial development generated interest and research on human development through the lifespan. An ego psychologist who studied with Anna Freud, Erikson expanded psychoanalytic theory by exploring development throughout the life, including events of childhood, adulthood, and old age. Erik Erikson was born June 15, , in Frankfurt, Germany. His young Jewish mother, Karla Abrahamsen, raised Erik by herself for a time before marrying a physician, Dr.
By Saul McLeod , updated Erikson maintained that personality develops in a predetermined order through eight stages of psychosocial development, from infancy to adulthood. - To browse Academia. Skip to main content.
The life course has become a topic of growing interest within the social sciences. Attempts to link this sub-discipline with life span developmental psychology have been called for but with little sign of success. In this paper, we seek to address three interlinked issues concerning the potential for a more productive interchange between life course sociology and life span psychology. The interplay of age, period and cohort further situates this approach and has proved fruitful in a number of different arenas of study from understanding the impact of childhood on health in later life through to the impact of the Depression of the s on the lives of the cohorts who grew up during it. However, what is noticeable is that any view of the life course framed in terms of individual or personal development is generally absent from sociologies of the life course or is reduced to a consideration of general life stages such as childhood, youth, adulthood or old age.