Individualism Old and New - WikipediaHegel: The Philosophy of History G. See the back of this volume for a complete list of titles in Prometheus's Great Books in Philosophy and Great Minds series. Twenty years later, he graduated from the University of Vermont, after which he taught public school in Pennsylvania and Vermont. Having become interested in philosophical questions while still an undergraduate, Dewey continued his philosophical training at Johns Hopkins University. In he was awarded a doctorate in philosophy from that institution and soon thereafter he accepted a position in philosophy at the University of Michigan. Except for a one-year appointment as professor of philosophy at the University of Minnesota, Dewey remained at Michigan-serving a five-year term as chairman-until when he moved with his wife, Alice Chipman, to the University of Chicago and began his tenure as chairman of the philosophy department. It was at Chicago that Dewey received national recognition for his pioneering work in the field of education with the development of his laboratory school in which experimental approaches to teaching were explored.
Dewey tried to reconstruct the association between the individual and society within a democratic framework and he outlined a new individualism that took into account the advent of the corporate society. However, there was no way Dewey could have anticipated in the historical context in which Individualism was to be written, namely the Great Depression of the s. To fully understand what is at stake in Individualism , it is necessary to specify the kind of questions Dewey was addressing and to indicate how the course of history determined the angle that Dewey was to take to achieve his reconstruction of individualism. The first two essays were written independently and were meant to be published in the New Republic to which Dewey had been a regular contributor since At that time, Dewey already showed a very strong record as a liberal deeply committed to democratic values. During the presidential campaign, he had supported the socialist candidate, Norman Thomas. The six essays were published from January to April and were intended as a series.
This banner text can have markup. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Books by Language. This book should be returned on or before the date last stamped below. In particular there is a comparison between Epicurean- ism and Utilitarianism, very telling and very true. His Experience and Nature
INDIVIDUALITY IN OUR DAY 1 56 INDEX INDIVIDUALISM— OLD AND NEW CHAPTER I The House Divided Against Itself IT IS becoming a commonplace.
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Individualism Old and New is a politically and socially progressive book by John Dewey , an American philosopher, written in Written at the beginning of the Great Depression , the book argues that the emergence of a new kind of American individualism necessitates political and cultural reform to achieve the true liberation of the individual in a world where the individual has become submerged. Most of the chapters originally appeared as a series of essays in The New Republic, in Dewey argues that America has become a socially corporate materialistic society which has been consumed by a culture of private pecuniary gain. Yet he also sees a simultaneous contradiction, for Americans do not outwardly value private gain in and of itself. Thus the individual is lost in a world of multiple and nearly meaningless associations; and until the individual and his groups are harmonized as one, the individual will remain submerged. However, the problem remains undiagnosed and unseen, for intellectuals are held back by their belief in an "older" individualism that refuses to acknowledge the corporate nature of American society.