Number theory - WikipediaThis content was uploaded by our users and we assume good faith they have the permission to share this book. If you own the copyright to this book and it is wrongfully on our website, we offer a simple DMCA procedure to remove your content from our site. Start by pressing the button below! Selected Problems and Theorems in Elementary Mathematics. Read more. One hundred problems in elementary mathematics. Problems in Elementary Physics.
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Number theory or arithmetic or higher arithmetic in older usage is a branch of pure mathematics devoted primarily to the study of the integers and integer-valued functions. German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss — said, "Mathematics is the queen of the sciences—and number theory is the queen of mathematics. Integers can be considered either in themselves or as solutions to equations Diophantine geometry. Questions in number theory are often best understood through the study of analytical objects for example, the Riemann zeta function that encode properties of the integers, primes or other number-theoretic objects in some fashion analytic number theory. One may also study real numbers in relation to rational numbers, for example, as approximated by the latter Diophantine approximation. The older term for number theory is arithmetic.
Number Theory - Solving Congruence Equations - The ONE Solutions Case