Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation: The Foundation of Functional Training
Flexibility is key for athletes and nonathletes alike. It allows you to move freely and comfortably in your daily life, and can also help prevent injury during exercise. One of the best ways to increase your flexibility is by stretching. However, research suggests that not all stretching techniques are created equal. Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation PNF stretching relies on reflexes to produce deeper stretches that increase flexibility. Herman Kabat in the s as a means to treat neuromuscular conditions including polio and multiple sclerosis.
The subjects in the training group conducted 5 sets of dynamic exercises utilizing the proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation patterns each day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks. Using BackMapper, their trunk inclination, trunk imbalance, pelvic position, pelvic torsion, pelvic rotation and the position of their scapula were evaluated. The development of industrial society has increased the amount of sedentary time humans engage in and the resulting dysfunction caused by insufficient exercise.
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What is PNF, Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation? Charlie Weingroff
Aging causes morphological, functional and biochemical changes. Feet are affected in this process, which impairs the functional balance and increases the risk of falls. To reduce such effects, Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation PNF can be used, because it improves perfusion, strength and coordination of lower limbs. Objective: To evaluate the effects of PNF on balance in older adults. Twenty women aged from 65 to 80 years were submitted to a PNF protocol. Baropodometry total, forefoot and hindfoot areas was measured in static no perturbation and dynamic with perturbation conditions. No differences were found in forefoot when the areas before and after intervention were compared.
PNF in Practice pp Cite as. The motor cortex generates and organizes these movement patterns, and the individual cannot voluntarily leave a muscle out of the movement pattern to which it belongs. This does not mean that we cannot contract muscles individually, but our discrete motions spring from the mass patterns Beevor ; Kabat These synergistic muscle combinations form the PNF patterns of facilitation. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.