Veterinary anatomy, histology, physiology and comparative anatomy. - Biodiversity Heritage LibraryPiper M. Treuting , Suzanne M. Dintzis , Kathleen S. Montine Herausgeber. The second edition of Comparative Anatomy and Histology is aimed at the new rodent investigator as well as medical and veterinary pathologists who need to expand their knowledge base into comparative anatomy and histology. It guides the reader through normal mouse and rat anatomy and histology using direct comparison to the human. The side by side comparison of mouse, rat, and human tissues highlight the unique biology of the rodents, which has great impact on the validation of rodent models of human disease.
Comparative anatomy and histology : a mouse, rat, and human atlas
Electronic address: chamanza aol. There are many significant differences in the structural and functional anatomy of the nasal cavity of man and laboratory animals. Some of the differences may be responsible for the species-specific nasal lesions that are often observed in response to inhaled toxicants. This paper reviews the comparative anatomy, physiology and pathology of the nasal cavity of the rat, mouse, dog, monkey and man, highlighting factors that may influence the distribution of nasal lesions. Gross anatomical variations such as turbinate structure, folds or grooves on nasal walls, or presence or absence of accessory structures, may influence nasal airflow and species-specific uptake and deposition of inhaled material. In addition, interspecies variations in the morphological and biochemical composition and distribution of the nasal epithelium may affect the local tissue susceptibility and play a role in the development of species-specific nasal lesions. It is concluded that, while the nasal cavity of the monkey might be more similar to that of man, each laboratory animal species provides a model that responds in a characteristic and species-specific manner.
This atlas is aimed to presenting the current knowledge base into comparative anatomy and histology. It guides the reader through normal mouse anatomy and histology using direct comparison to the human. The side-by-side comparison of mouse and human tissues highlights the unique biology of the mouse, which has great impact on the validation of mouse models of human disease. The contents include 23 chapters written by 45 eminent pathologists: Introduction; Phenotyping; Necropsy and histololgy; Mammary gland; Skeletal system; Nose, sinus, pharynx and larynx; Oral cavity and teeth; Salivary glands; Respiratory; Cardiovascular; Upper gastrointestinal tract; Lower gastrointestinal tract; Liver and gallbladder; Pancreas; Endocrine system; Urinary system; Female reproductory system; Male reproductory system; Hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues; Nervous system; Special senses: Eye; Special senses: Ear; Skin and adnexa; Index. This volume is an excellent resource with illustrative histological and anatomical figures, comprehensive and comparative descriptions, and recommended references. It will be especially useful to investigations using mice as models of human disease as well as to medical and veterinary pathologists.
It is an old science, having its beginnings in prehistoric times. Anatomy and physiology , which study respectively the structure and function of organisms and their parts, make a natural pair of related disciplines , and they are often studied together. Human anatomy is one of the essential basic sciences that are applied in medicine. The discipline of anatomy is divided into macroscopic and microscopic anatomy. Macroscopic anatomy, or gross anatomy , is the examination of an animal's body parts using unaided eyesight. Gross anatomy also includes the branch of superficial anatomy. Microscopic anatomy involves the use of optical instruments in the study of the tissues of various structures, known as histology , and also in the study of cells.