ON MEYER'S THEORY OF MUSICAL MEANING | The British Journal of Aesthetics | Oxford AcademicLeonard B. Meyer January 12, — December 30, was a composer , author , and philosopher. He contributed major works in the fields of aesthetic theory in music, and compositional analysis. Meyer studied at Columbia University , where he received both a B. He continued on to study at University of Chicago , where he was awarded a Ph. In , he became a member of the music department at the University of Chicago , in he was appointed professor of music at the University of Chicago and in professor of music and the humanities at the University of Pennsylvania.
EMOTION AND MEANING - MEYER, L. (1956). Emotion and Meaning in Music. Chicago: UCP.
Music is widely perceived as expressive of emotion. However, there is no consensus on which factors in music contribute to the expression of emotions, making it difficult to find robust objective predictors for music emotion recognition MER. Currently, MER systems use supervised learning to map non time-varying feature vectors into regions of an emotion space guided by human annotations. In this work, we argue that time is neglected in MER even though musical experience is intrinsically temporal. We advance that the temporal variation of music features rather than feature values should be used as predictors in MER because the temporal evolution of musical sounds lies at the core of the cognitive processes that regulate the emotional response to music. We criticize the traditional machine learning approach to MER, then we review recent proposals to exploit the temporal variation of music features to predict time-varying ratings of emotions over the course of the music. Finally, we discuss the representation of musical time as the flow of musical information rather than clock time.
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