Zionism and Israel -Encyclopedia / Dictionary/Lexicon of Zionism/Israel/Zionism is a movement that aspired to the creation of a sovereign Jewish state. Having emerged at the end of the 19 th century, the Zionist ambition was achieved in with the founding of the state of Israel. The murderous pogroms in the eastern part of the continent , as well as the establishment of ethnic nationalism and a biological discourse, had devastating effects on the ability and desire of Jews to assimilate in Western societies. Despite this basic unity of purpose, Zionism was not a monolithic ideology. Nevertheless, perhaps the most influential type of Zionism at least in retrospect was labor Zionism and the coalescence of the principal Zionist ethos of the Halutz pioneer , which emphasized the cultivation of the Land of Israel as the source for Jewish redemption from the hardship of the diaspora. Modern Hebrew culture was in its infancy at the time, and the groundwork was laid not only for Zionist political organizations in Europe and Palestine, but also for the Hebrew public sphere newspapers, education, etc. Nevertheless, until , Zionism progressed only slowly towards its goal and was far from fulfilment.
Encyclopedia and Dictionary
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This is the second edition of the encyclopedia, first published in under the title Encyclopedia of Zionism and Israel and edited by Raphael Patai. Wigoder is the director of the oral history department at the Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew University. He previously edited the Encyclopedia of Judaism and the multi-volume Encyclopedia Judaica. Wigoder's foreword notes that 30 percent of the material in this edition is new. Although this current edition was published in and merits an entirely new edition to bring it up to date, it remains a valuable reference work on practically every phase and aspect of the modem history of Zionism and Israel over the last years.
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Emanuel Neumann, chairman of the Herzl Press. Neumann said the encyclopedia will contain pages and nearly articles with illustrative photographs, maps and charts. He said the volumes are being published under the patronage of President Zalman Shazar, of Israel and were edited by Dr. Raphael Patai. They contain contributions from scholars from 35 countries, all experts in their particular fields. According to Dr. Neumann, the encyclopedia has been six years in the making and includes about biographies and articles on towns, villages and place names in Israel.