Islamism and Islam by Bassam TibiScholars, and in general writers, who critically study the politicization of religion characteristic of Islamism, are often accused of essentializing Islam. This is so, even though they are describing a process of change. The present article argues that both Islam and Islamism are open to change. I begin with a description of the method by which such change may be identified. I then explain the way in which the argument fits with two articles previously published in Soundings , before proceeding to outline the kind of change Islamism represents and the meaning of recent changes in the program of some Islamist groups. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
Islam Facing Modernity
Islam Between Culture and Politics
In this chapter Islamism is viewed as a variety of religious fundamentalism. The religion of Islam must be differentiated from the many varieties of Islamism as political ideology. In view of the developments in the post-bipolar Middle East, there is a clear connection between fundamentalism and security. Domestic and regional stability in the southern Mediterranean is needed, and the Islamization of politics is viewed as a security threat to peace in this region. Samuel Huntington recognizes what is termed the 'cultural turn' in seeing how cultures and civilizations play an increasingly important role in international politics. The major problem with his approach is that he believes civilizations can engage in world political conflicts.
Islam portal. Islamic fundamentalism has been defined as a movement of Muslims who regard earlier times favorably and seek to return to the fundamentals of the Islamic religion  and live similarly to how the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his companions lived. Islamic fundamentalists favor "a literal and originalist interpretation" of the primary sources of Islam the Quran and Sunnah ,  seek to eliminate what they perceive to be "corrupting" non-Islamic influences from every part of their lives  and see "Islamic fundamentalism" as a pejorative term used by outsiders for Islamic revivalism and Islamic activism. Politics portal. Definitions vary as to what Islamic fundamentalism exactly is and how, if at all, it differs from Islamism or political Islam or Islamic revivalism. The term fundamentalism has been deemed "misleading" by those who suggest that all mainstream Muslims believe in the literal divine origin and perfection of the Quran and are therefore "fundamentalists",  and others who believe it is a term that is used by outsiders in order to describe perceived trends within Islam. Khomeini never proposed giving Iranian Christians and Jews the status of dhimmi protected communities as provided for in the sharia: the Armenians of Iran have remained Iranian citizens, are required to perform military service and pay the same taxes as Muslims, and have the right to vote with separate electoral colleges.
This article makes a case of the basic distinction between Islam and Islamism and presents three central arguments: 1. These two arguments lead to the third, namely that democracy is not simply a voting procedure, but also and above all a political culture of pluralism, individual human rights and civil society, all based on secular values. Unlike jihadist Islamists, institutional Islamists approve democracy, however, only in terms of balloting, not as a political culture of pluralism. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves. Built on the Johns Hopkins University Campus.
PDF | On Jul 30, , Bassam Tibi and others published Between Islam and Islamism.
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He was born in in Damascus , Syria to an aristocratic family,  and moved to Germany in where he later became a citizen in He is known for his analysis of international relations [ vague ] and the introduction of Islam to the study of international conflict and of civilization. Tibi is known for introducing the controversial concept of European Leitkultur as well as the concept of Euroislam to discussions about integration of Muslim immigrants to countries in Europe. Tibi has done research in Asian and African countries. He publishes in English, German and Arabic. Parallel to this appointment he was, from to , at Harvard University in a variety of affiliations, the latest being a to stint as The Bosch Fellow. Currently, he is an A.
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Bassam Tibi offers a radical solution to the problems faced by Islam in a rapidly changing and globalizing world. He proposes a depoliticization of the faith and the introduction of reforms to embrace secular democracy, pluralism, civil society and individual human rights. The alternative to this is the impasse of fundamentalism. The pivotal argument is that Islam is being torn between the pressure for cultural innovation and a defensive move towards the politicization of its symbols for non-religious ends.