Booker T. Washington - Facts, Beliefs & School - BiographyFollowing emancipation, he moved with his mother and stepfather to West Virginia, where he worked in salt furnaces and a coal mine but also learned to read. At age 16, he made his way to Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, where he excelled as a student and later took on an administrative role. He launched Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, now Tuskegee University, in a one-room shanty in , serving as the school's principal until his death in Booker Taliaferro was born to Jane, a slave who cooked on a Franklin County, Virginia plantation owned by James Burroughs, and an unknown white man. The surname Washington came from his stepfather, Washington Ferguson. Following the end of the Civil War in , the blended family, which included step-siblings, moved to West Virginia, where Booker worked in salt furnaces and a coal mine. He later secured a job as a houseboy for the mine owner's wife, an experience he credited with his respect for cleanliness, thrift, and hard work.
Dr. Booker Taliaferro Washington
Born a slave on a Virginia farm, Washington rose to become one of the most influential African-American intellectuals of the late 19th century. In , he founded the Tuskegee Institute, a black school in Alabama devoted to training teachers. Although Washington clashed with other black leaders such as W. Du Bois and drew ire for his seeming acceptance of segregation, he is recognized for his educational advancements and attempts to promote economic self-reliance among African Americans. Across the landscape of the most anguished era of American race relations strode the self-assured and influential Booker T. The foremost black educator, power broker, and institution builder of his time, Washington in founded Tuskegee Institute, a black school in Alabama devoted to industrial and moral education and to the training of public school teachers. From his southern small-town base, he created a national political network of schools, newspapers, and the National Negro Business League founded in
Jane named her son Booker Taliaferro but later dropped the second name. Booker gave himself the surname "Washington" when he first enrolled in school. Sometime after Booker's birth, his mother was married to Washington Ferguson, a slave. A daughter, Amanda, was born to this marriage. James, Booker's younger half-brother, was adopted.
Booker Taliaferro Washington April 5,  — November 14, was an American educator, author, orator, and advisor to presidents of the United States. Between and , Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American community. Washington was from the last generation of black American leaders born into slavery and became the leading voice of the former slaves and their descendants. They were newly oppressed in the South by disenfranchisement and the Jim Crow discriminatory laws enacted in the post- Reconstruction Southern states in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Washington was a key proponent of African-American businesses and one of the founders of the National Negro Business League. His base was the Tuskegee Institute , a historically black college in Tuskegee, Alabama. As lynchings in the South reached a peak in , Washington gave a speech, known as the " Atlanta compromise ", which brought him national fame.
Booker T. Washington April 5, —November 14, was a prominent black educator, author, and leader of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Born into slavery , Washington rose to a position of power and influence, founding the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in and overseeing its growth into a well-respected black university. Washington was a controversial figure in his time and since, criticized for being too "accommodating" on the issues of segregation and equal rights. Washington was born in April on a small farm in Hale's Ford, Virginia.
Booker T. He was born in a slave hut but, after emancipation, moved with his family to Malden, West Virginia. Dire poverty ruled out regular schooling; at age nine he began working, first in a salt furnace and later in a coal mine. Determined to get an education , he enrolled at the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute now Hampton University in Virginia , working as a janitor to help pay expenses. He graduated in and returned to Malden, where for two years he taught children in a day school and adults at night. Following studies at Wayland Seminary, Washington, D.
Booker T. Washington, African American educator and leader, founded Tuskegee Institute for black students. His "Atlanta Compromise" speech made him America's major black leader for twenty years. His mother was the plantation's cook, while his father, a local white man, took no responsibility for him. From a very early age, Washington recalled an intense desire to learn to read and write.