Karl Marx - Theory, Quotes & Books - BiographyThe 20th-century intellectuals and party ideologues who proudly called themselves Marxists typically had a clear sense of their doctrine: Marxism as they conceived it was a theory of society that pulled away the mystifying veil of capitalism to reveal the economic exploitation at its core. It promised a bracing and universal concept of human history that portrayed class conflict as the final engine of change. Suspicious of all heretics even to the point of airbrushing their faces from history, Eastern-bloc Communist leaders had little patience for the niceties of philosophical speculation. For them Marxism was not an interpretation of society but an objective science, fixed in its laws and determinist in its theory of historical change. In the lands where Marxism became a warrant for one-party rule, it was turned into a cudgel to wield against enemies whose opinions were declared objectively false.
CAPITAL: CRITIQUE OF POLITICAL ECONOMY: Karl Marx - FULL AudioBook, Volume 1: Part 1/4
Biographies of Karl Marx
Still, it comes as a shock to realize that the ultimate leftist, the father of Communism itself, fits a recognizable pattern. If the Marx described by Sperber, a professor at the University of Missouri specializing in European history, were around in , he would be a compulsive blogger, and picking Twitter fights with Andrew Sullivan and Naomi Klein. And he succeeds in the primary task of all biography, recreating a man who leaps off the page. We travel with Marx from his hometown, Trier, via student carousing in Bonn and Berlin, to his debut in political journalism in Cologne and on to exile and revolutionary activity in Paris, Brussels and London. We see his thought develop, but glimpse also the begging letters to his mother, requesting an advance on his inheritance, along with the enduring anxiety over whether he can provide for the wife he has loved since he was a teenager.
Born in Trier , Germany, Marx studied law and philosophy at university. He married Jenny von Westphalen in Due to his political publications, Marx became stateless and lived in exile with his wife and children in London for decades, where he continued to develop his thought in collaboration with German thinker Friedrich Engels and publish his writings, researching in the reading room of the British Museum. His best-known titles are the pamphlet , The Communist Manifesto , and the three-volume Das Kapital. His political and philosophical thought had enormous influence on subsequent intellectual, economic and political history, and his name has been used as an adjective, a noun and a school of social theory. In capitalism , this manifests itself in the conflict between the ruling classes known as the bourgeoisie that control the means of production and the working classes known as the proletariat that enable these means by selling their labour power in return for wages. For Marx, class antagonisms under capitalism, owing in part to its instability and crisis-prone nature , would eventuate the working class' development of class consciousness , leading to their conquest of political power and eventually the establishment of a classless , communist society constituted by a free association of producers.
He published with Friedrich Engels Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei , commonly known as The Communist Manifesto , the most celebrated pamphlet in the history of the socialist movement. These writings and others by Marx and Engels form the basis of the body of thought and belief known as Marxism.
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Karl Marx 5 May — 14 March was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Born in Trier to a middle-class family, he later studied political economy and Hegelian philosophy. Considered the classical biography of Marx,  the work has been translated into many languages, including Russian , Danish , Hungarian , Japanese , Spanish , and English Some subsequent English editions restore the notes, appendices, and bibliography omitted from the first English edition. Karl Marx: His Life and Environment is a biography of Karl Marx by Isaiah Berlin , in which Berlin argues that Marx's system of thought depends upon indefensible metaphysical presuppositions. The work was republished as Karl Marx: A Biography in