Juvenile Delinquency Theories of Causation | Juvenile Delinquency | IdJuvenile Delinquency: Core by Larry J. Siegel and Brandon C. We have ratings, but no written reviews for this, yet. Be the first to write a review. Skip to main content.
Juvenile Delinquency: The Core / Edition 6
Many theories have been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile delinquency. Some are quite sophisticated, whereas others are predicated on rather basic instinctive conclusions that may or may not have a basis in fact. Many juvenile curfews are based on an instinctive conclusion that youths are likely to be victimized or get into trouble after certain hours. For example, in August the Town of Vernon, Connecticut, enacted its first juvenile curfew law. The rationale was that town leaders had noticed groups of juveniles loitering in town, and prior to the law a teenager had been murdered.
The US Department of Justice has called for the creation of trauma-informed juvenile justice systems in order to combat the negative impact of trauma on youth offenders and front-line staff. Definitions of trauma-informed care have been proposed for various service systems yet there is not currently a widely accepted definition for juvenile justice. The current systematic review examined published definitions of a trauma-informed juvenile justice system in an effort to identify the most commonly named core elements and specific interventions or policies. A systematic literature search was conducted in 10 databases to identify publications that defined trauma-informed care or recommended specific practices or policies for the juvenile justice system. We reviewed unique records, of which 10 met criteria for inclusion. The 10 publications included 71 different recommended interventions or policies that reflected 10 core domains of trauma-informed practice. We found eight specific practice or policy recommendations with relative consensus, including staff training on trauma and trauma-specific treatment, while most recommendations were included in two or less definitions.
10 editions of this work