THE BOOK OF GENESISThe Book of Genesis , [a] the first book of the Hebrew Bible and the Old Testament ,  is Judaism's account of the creation of the world and the origins of the Jewish people. It is divisible into two parts, the primeval history chapters 1—11 and the ancestral history chapters 12— Jacob's name is changed to Israel, and through the agency of his son Joseph , the children of Israel descend into Egypt, 70 people in all with their households, and God promises them a future of greatness. Genesis ends with Israel in Egypt, ready for the coming of Moses and the Exodus. The narrative is punctuated by a series of covenants with God , successively narrowing in scope from all mankind the covenant with Noah to a special relationship with one people alone Abraham and his descendants through Isaac and Jacob. In Judaism , the theological importance of Genesis centers on the covenants linking God to his chosen people and the people to the Promised Land. Christianity has interpreted Genesis as the prefiguration of certain cardinal Christian beliefs, primarily the need for salvation the hope or assurance of all Christians and the redemptive act of Christ on the Cross as the fulfillment of covenant promises as the Son of God.
Introduction to the Book of Genesis
Genesis , the first book of Hebrew Scripture, also serves as the first book of the Torah or Law of Moses, also known as the Pentateuch. The Torah was called the Law by Jesus, the concrete expression of God's will. The book in Hebrew was known by its opening expression, "In the beginning" as above. Genesis traces the primeval history of creation, from Adam and Eve through Noah and his sons to Terah; and Genesis recounts the patriarchal history of Israel, beginning with Abraham through Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph. The Book of Genesis presents essential religious teachings about God and his relation to man: his creative activity through which all things are made and on which they all depend; the creation of man in God's image and likeness; the institution of marriage as the union of one man with one woman; the fall of man from his original state of innocence through pride and disobedience, and its consequences on Adam and Eve and the human race; and God's loving kindness and continual offer of reconciliation through covenants with Noah, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Characteristics of ancient Hebrew language, as well as common themes that course through the Torah, support one original author for the Law of Moses or Pentateuch.
The Book of Genesis opens the Hebrew Bible with the story of creation. God, a spirit hovering over an empty, watery void, creates the world by speaking into the darkness and calling into being light, sky, land, vegetation, and living creatures over the course of six days. God places the two people, Adam and Eve, in the idyllic garden of Eden, encouraging them to procreate and to enjoy the created world fully, and forbidding them to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Eve shares the fruit with Adam, and the two are immediately filled with shame and remorse. While walking in the garden, God discovers their disobedience. After cursing the serpent, he turns and curses the couple.
Chapter 1. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day. And it was so. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day. And God saw that it was good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.