Top 3 Theories of AggressionThe concept of aggression is important to nursing because further knowledge of aggression can help generate a better theoretical model to drive more effective intervention and prevention approaches. This paper outlines a conceptual analysis of aggression. First, the different forms of aggression are reviewed, including the clinical classification and the stimulus-based classification. Then the manifestations and measurement of aggression are described. Finally, the causes and consequences of aggression are outlined. It is argued that a better understanding of aggression and the causal factors underlying it are essential for learning how to prevent negative aggression in the future. Aggressive forms of behavior can be characterized by verbal or physical attack.
CONCEPT ANALYSIS: AGGRESSION
Aggression is a word that we use every day to characterize the behavior of others and perhaps even of ourselves. We say that people are aggressive if they yell at or hit each other, if they cut off other cars in traffic, or even when they smash their fists on the table in frustration. But other harmful acts, such as the injuries that sports players receive during a rough game or the killing of enemy soldiers in a war might not be viewed by everyone as aggression. Because aggression is so difficult to define, social psychologists, judges, and politicians as well as many other people, including lawyers , have spent a great deal of time trying to determine what should and should not be considered aggression. Doing so forces us to make use of the processes of causal attribution to help us determine the reasons for the behavior of others. Because it involves the perception of intent, what looks like aggression from one point of view may not look that way from another, and the same harmful behavior may or may not be considered aggressive depending on its intent. You can see that this definition rules out some behaviors that we might normally think are aggressive.
Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. Aggression, defined as a behavior intended to inflict harm on another person, causes misery and suffering to people and incurs high costs for societies. Hence, understanding what makes individuals and groups engage in aggressive behavior is crucial not only for explaining aggressive behavior but also for preventing it. This chapter presents the major social—psychological theories seeking to explain aggressive behavior. These explanations focus on the cognitive and affective processes that lead to aggressive behavior and consider differences in aggressive behavior as a function of the person and the situation. In terms of person variables, differences in aggressive behavior in relation to gender and personality traits are discussed.
PDF | The present chapter serves as a brief introduction to human aggression. Bandura's () Social Learning Theory of aggression as- measures of aggressive cognition commonly used in psychological research.
best history books for high school students
Share This Book
This book provides a broad and contemporary overview of aggression and violence by some of the most internationally renowned researchers in the field. It begins with an integrative theoretical understanding of aggression and shows how animal models shed light on human aggression and violence. Individual risk factors for aggression and violence from different research perspectives are then examined. First, there is a cognitive neuroscientific, neuropsychological, and psychophysiological study of the brain. It then explores the developmental psychological factors in aggressive behavior, incorporating work on gender and the family. Other perspectives include the role of testosterone, individual differences, and whether humans are innately wired for violence. The following sections moves from the individual to the contextual risk factors for aggression, including work on the effects of adverse events and ostracism, guns and other aggressive cues including violent media, and drugs and alcohol.