Frederick W. Taylor: Master of Scientific Management
Frederick Winslow Taylor is a controversial figure in management history. His innovations in industrial engineering, particularly in time and motion studies, paid off in dramatic improvements in productivity. At the same time, he has been credited with destroying the soul of work, of dehumanizing factories, making men into automatons. What is Taylor's real legacy? I'm not sure that management historians will ever agree. What follows is a copy of part of a senior essay, written by Vincenzo Sandrone during the course of his studies at the University of Technology in Sydney.
THE PRINCIPLES OF SCIENTIFIC. MANAGEMENT. By Frederick Winslow Taylor , M.E., Sc.D. INTRODUCTION. President Roosevelt in his address to the.
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Why did this block occur?
People have been managing work for hundreds of years, and we can trace formal management ideas to the s. But the most significant developments in management theory emerged in the 20th century.
This laid out Taylor's views on principles of scientific management , or industrial era organization and decision theory. Taylor was an American manufacturing manager, mechanical engineer , and then a management consultant in his later years. The term "scientific management" refers to coordinating the enterprise for everyone's benefit including increased wages for laborers  although the approach is "directly antagonistic to the old idea that each workman can best regulate his own way of doing the work. Taylor started this paper by quoting then President of the United States , Theodore Roosevelt : "The conservation of our national resources is only preliminary to the larger question of national efficiency". Taylor pointed out that while a large movement had started to conserve material resources, the less visible and less tangible effects of the wasted human effort was only vaguely appreciated. He argues the necessity of focusing on training rather than finding the "right man", stating "In the past the man has been first; in the future the system must be first", and the first goal of all good systems should be developing first-class men.